As the use of containers in building applications has grown through the years, open-source platform Kubernetes has become the dominant way to deploy and manage those containers — and the space has become fertile ground for investments and dealmaking.
On Jan. 7, San Jose, California-based Lacework — with a larger cloud security platform that includes securing workloads in Kubernetes — closed a $525 million round led by Sutter Hill Ventures and Altimeter Capital and valuing the company at more than $1 billion.
The deals did not surprise those who watch the sector.
What is Kubernetes?
Kubernetes, an open-source platform for automating deployment and management of containerized applications, was developed out of Google more than six years ago.
The platform has given rise to companies that help offer layered services such as storage, orchestration or security on top of Kubernetes. Crunchbase News even highlighted the sector as one to watch this year for both enterprise software and cybersecurity after venture funding and dealmaking has taken off in recent years.
“You are seeing interest in companies that are making it easier to use Kubernetes,” Dhiyan said.
In 2018, Palo Alto Networks bought RedLock for $173 million, and followed that with its acquisition of Twistlock for $410 million and PureSec for an undisclosed amount in 2019, using that trio of deals to create its cloud security offering Prisma Cloud. Last April, Rapid7 bought cloud security posture management company DivvyCloud for approximately $145 million.
Those deals were followed by less security-centric deals in the Kubernetes space, as enterprise software giant SUSE bought Kubernetes startup Rancher Labs for a reported $600 million in July. Additionally, Pure Storage spent $370 million in September to buy Portworx, which handles data storage and management for Kubernetes.
Others who provide security or other services on top of the Kubernetes platform also have piqued investors’ interest. Last May, Israel-based startup Aqua Security raised $30 million. In September, San Jose, California-based Nirmata raised an undisclosed round. The company helps with Kubernetes management and deployment.
Before being acquired, StackRox and Rancher Labs also successfully raised money last year.
Where to look next
Kubernetes and services layered on top of the platform will likely see more interest from both strategic and investors, said Dhiyan.
This is partially due to the fact that containers and virtualization technologies help make a company’s applications and other assets more portable to other cloud services, not locking them into one provider and allowing an enterprise to choose between hybrid and public cloud options.
Dhiyan said new technologies that offer monitoring and “observability” — the ability to understand what the data is actually saying — could be places investors and strategics look next.
He said cloud players such as IBM — even after Red Hat’s StackRox acquisition — and Hewlett Packard Enterprise will continue to eye container technology, as could a virtualization company like VMware. Even those more on the hardware side such as Cisco and Juniper Networks could look at creating their own container orchestration stories.
Umesh Padval, a venture partner at Thomvest Ventures, said Kubernetes is undoubtedly the way companies and developers will manage containers moving forward and he expects the space to remain hot. He is currently monitoring a handful of companies in the space for possible investment.
“I’m tracking the next-gen Rancher Labs,” he said.
While interest in the space is clear, it is less certain if companies that play in the Kubernetes environment can eventually grow into their own large, public companies.
Padval said Kubernetes and container security companies could become attractive to DevSecOps — the intersection of software development, IT operations and security — firms looking to grow their market.
A lot of the security players eventually will explore the M&A route, as broader cloud security players would be more viable to stay independent, said Dhiyan.
Said Thomvest’s Padval, “I’m not sure you will see a $2 billion company founded in the Kubernetes ecosystem.”